Canada Caregiver Program (How to Apply Explained)

Canada Caregiver Program (How to Apply Explained)

The Canada Caregiver Program helps caregivers come to Canada to work and eventually become permanent residents. There are two parts to the program, one for those who take care of children and another for those who provide support at home. When they come to Canada, caregivers start with a temporary work permit, which allows them to get Canadian work experience. After meeting all the requirements, they can apply to become permanent residents through a special process.

If you’re interested in the Canada Caregiver Program, it’s a good idea to check the official Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website for the newest information because rules can change. The program has changed over the years, and it typically includes two streams:

  1. Home Child Care Provider Pilot: This stream is designed for individuals who have experience in Canada as home child care providers. To qualify, applicants must have at least 24 months of Canadian work experience in an eligible caregiver occupation within the past three years.
  2. Home Support Worker Pilot: This stream is for individuals with experience in Canada as home support workers. Like the child care provider stream, applicants need to have at least 24 months of Canadian work experience in an eligible caregiver occupation within the past three years.
  3. Live-In Caregiver Program: The Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) is a Canadian immigration initiative that facilitates the entry of foreign caregivers to address domestic care needs. Under this program, caregivers provide live-in support to Canadian families, offering assistance with childcare, elderly care, or support for individuals with disabilities.

Who is Eligible for the Child Care Provider & Support Worker

  1. Work Experience: Applicants are usually required to have at least 24 months of full-time work experience (or an equivalent amount of part-time work) in Canada within the last three years as a home childcare provider or home support worker.
  2. Job Offer: Caregivers need a valid job offer from a Canadian employer to be eligible for the program. The job offer must be for a position as a home childcare provider or home support worker.
  3. Language Proficiency: Applicants are typically required to meet language proficiency requirements in either English or French. This may involve taking language tests such as the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) or CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program).
  4. Educational Requirements: While there may not be specific educational requirements for the caregiver program, applicants may be required to have their education credentials assessed.
  5. Admissibility: Applicants must meet general admissibility requirements, including passing medical exams and security clearances.
  6. Intent to Live Outside of Quebec: If you plan to live in the province of Quebec, you are not eligible for the Home Support Worker Pilot, as Quebec has its own immigration programs.

Who is Eligible for Live-In Caregiver Program

Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) in Canada is closed to new applicants. However, if you are asking about the eligibility criteria when the program was active, here are the general requirements:

  1. Work Experience: Applicants were required to have at least 24 months (or 3,900 hours) of full-time work experience as a caregiver within the four years immediately preceding the date of the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) work permit application. This work experience should be in one of the following:
    • Caregiving for children under 18 years of age.
    • Caregiving for individuals with high medical needs.
  2. Training or Education: Completion of at least equivalent to a Canadian secondary (high school) education was necessary.
  3. Language Proficiency: Applicants needed to demonstrate proficiency in English or French. This proficiency was typically assessed through a designated language test.
  4. Work Permit: Individuals applying for the LCP were required to have a valid work permit to work in Canada.
  5. Contract with an Employer: A signed employment contract with the future employer was crucial. The contract outlined terms and conditions related to wages, working hours, living arrangements, and job duties.

How To Apply For Canada Caregiver Program

  1. Check Your Eligibility: Ensure you meet the eligibility criteria, which typically include having at least 24 months of Canadian work experience as a caregiver, a valid job offer, language proficiency, and meeting other admissibility requirements.
  2. Gather Required Documents: Collect all necessary documents, including your job offer, proof of work experience, language test results, educational credentials (if required), and other supporting documents.
  3. Language Proficiency Test: Take an approved language proficiency test (IELTS or CELPIP for English, or TEF for French) and achieve the required scores.
  4. Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): If necessary, get your educational credentials assessed. This is often required to ensure that your education is equivalent to Canadian standards.
  5. Submit Your Application: Complete the application forms provided by IRCC. Include all the required documents and pay the necessary fees.
  6. Wait for Processing: Wait for your application to be processed. Processing times can vary, so check the official website for updates.
  7. Temporary Work Permit: If your application is approved, you will receive a temporary work permit. This allows you to come to Canada and work as a caregiver.
  8. Gain Work Experience: Work in Canada as a caregiver, accumulating the required 24 months of experience within the specified time frame.
  9. Apply for Permanent Residence: Once you meet the work experience requirement, apply for permanent residence through the dedicated pathway. This application will be assessed based on your work experience, language proficiency, and other criteria.
  10. Follow Up: Keep track of your application status and respond promptly to any requests or updates from IRCC

Interim Pathway for Caregivers

Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Work Experience: Applicants must have acquired work experience in Canada since November 30, 2014, as either a Home Child Care Provider or Home Support Worker.
  2. Status in Canada: Individuals applying to the Interim Pathway must have maintained temporary resident status (as a worker) during their work experience in Canada.
  3. Language Proficiency: Applicants must demonstrate language proficiency in English or French at a minimum of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5.
  4. Education: A completed Canadian equivalent of a one-year post-secondary education credential is required. Educational credentials obtained outside Canada should be accompanied by an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).
  5. Intention to Reside Outside of Quebec: The program is not applicable to those intending to live in the province of Quebec.


  1. Application Period: The Interim Pathway for Caregivers has specific application periods during which candidates can apply. It is essential to apply within the designated time frames to be considered for the program.
  2. Admissibility: Applicants must be admissible to Canada and should not pose a risk to public health or safety.
  3. Proof of Work Experience: Caregivers need to provide proof of work experience, including a detailed reference letter from employers


Q: How do I qualify for a caregiver in Canada?

To qualify as a caregiver in Canada, you need to meet specific eligibility criteria outlined by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This includes having at least one year of Canadian work experience as a Home Child Care Provider or Home Support Worker since November 30, 2014. Additionally, you must demonstrate proficiency in English or French, possess a Canadian equivalent of a one-year post-secondary education credential, and express the intention to reside outside of Quebec.

Q: Is Canada still accepting caregivers?

As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, Canada is still accepting caregivers through various programs, such as the Interim Pathway for Caregivers. However, immigration policies can change, so it is advisable to check the official IRCC website or consult with immigration authorities for the latest information on caregiver program availability.

Q: How can I apply for a caregiver from India to Canada?

To apply for a caregiver position in Canada from India:

  • Review the eligibility criteria for caregiver programs.
  • Secure a job offer from a Canadian employer willing to hire a caregiver.
  • Gather necessary documents, including proof of education, language proficiency, and work experience.
  • Submit a work permit application through the appropriate caregiver program, following the guidelines provided by IRCC.

Q: Do caregivers need IELTS in Canada?

Yes, caregivers in Canada typically need to demonstrate proficiency in English or French. Language proficiency is commonly assessed through language tests such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP). Meeting the minimum language requirements is a crucial aspect of caregiver program eligibility.

Q: How long is the caregiver visa in Canada?

Caregivers are usually issued work permits rather than visas. The duration of a caregiver’s work permit can vary depending on the specific caregiver program and the terms of the employment contract. Work permits may be valid for a few months to several years, with the possibility of extensions under certain conditions.

Q: How much is a caregiver paid in Canada?

The salary for caregivers in Canada varies based on factors such as location, experience, and job requirements. Caregivers are entitled to receive at least the minimum wage, as established by the province or territory where they work. Specific salary details should be negotiated with the employer, ensuring compliance with legal and contractual standards


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